african elephant

loxodonta africana


Latin Name - Loxodonta africana
Conservation Status - Vulnerable
Location - Savannas of sub-Saharan Africa
Diet - Herbivorous
Colour - Grey with ivory tusks
Height - Up to 4m (13 ft)
Weight - 2,000 to 6,100kg (about 2 to 7 tons)
Life Expectancy - 60 to 70 years

The African Elephant is the largest animal walking the Earth. Their herds wander through 37 countries in Africa. They are easily recognised by their trunk that is used for communication and handling objects. And their large ears allow them to radiate excess heat. Upper incisor teeth develop into tusks in African elephants and grow throughout their lifetime.

There are two subspecies of African elephants - the Savanna (or bush) elephant and the Forest elephant. Savanna elephants are larger than forest elephants, and their tusks curve outwards. In addition to being smaller, forest elephants are darker and their tusks are straighter and point downward. There are also differences in the size and shape of the skull and skeleton between the two subspecies.

How do they behave?

Social Behaviour